Enyalius | Greek God

Enyalius Greek Mythology

In Greek mythology, Enialio, Enialius or Enialios (Greek: Ἐνυάλιος) was the son of Ares and Enius, Greek deities related to war. In classical times, he was sometimes identified as Ares himself. In Mycenaean times, Ares and Enialus were differentiated as separate deities. In Roman times he was identified with the god Quirino.

Greek Mythology

Enialo is mentioned several times in Homer's Iliad, as an epithet of Ares.

The poet Alcman of Sparta sometimes identified Ares with Enialio, but at other times differentiated him, either as the son of Ares and Ennio, or as the son of Kronos and Reia.

Aristophanes, in his play Peace, treats Ares and Enialio as separate gods of war.

Xenophon, in his Anabasis, mentions a war cry against Enialo emitted by Greek mercenaries while attacking the Persian army.

Enialo is also mentioned in Apollonius of Rhodes' Argonáutica, where Jason throws a stone into the midst of the Cthonic warriors, causing them to fight among themselves.

Plutarch, in his Moralia, recounts the bravery of the women of Argos in the 5th century BC, who repelled the attacks of the Spartan kings. The survivors erected a temple to Ares Enialio near the road where they fell.

According to Pausanias, the Lacedaemonians believed that by chaining Enialo they would prevent the god from leaving Sparta.

Roman Mythology

Polybius and Dionysius of Halicarnassus associate the Roman god Mars with the Greek Ares, and the god Quirino with Enialus. Later authors make the same identifications.